Thursday, January 24, 2013

38 Household Plants that are Toxic to your Pets

We all have plants at home that have been thought to be safe but is actually proven to be quite harmful to our pets. Most pets have a nasty habit of eating peculiar things, especially when they are outside, and plants just happen to be one of them. To avoid pets chewing on plants at all, according to studies, add more fiber to their diet so they won't crave for vegetation. Another way to avoid any of these is to know which plants are toxic. Listed below are the top 38 Household Plants that are toxic and the common signs of poisoning attributed to the plant.

1. Aloe Vera
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change in urine color.
2. Asian Lily
Toxic to: Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, and death is possible. Cats are only species known to be affected (toxic to cats only).

3. Asparagus Fern
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Allergic dermatitis with repeated dermal exposure. Berry ingestion could result in gastric upset (vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea.)

4. Baby's Breath (Gypsophila or Gyp)
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea
5. Begonia
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing. Tubers are the most toxic.
6. Bird of Paradise Flower
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Mild nausea, vomiting, drowsiness; caused mainly by fruit and seeds. Should not be confused with Caesalpinia or Poinciana gilliesii, which is also known as Bird of Paradise and is more toxic.
7. Bread and Butter Plant (Indian Borage, Spanish Thyme, Coleus, Maratha, Militini, East Indian Thyme)
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, occasionally bloody diarrhea or vomiting
8. Calla Lily
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing
9. Carnation
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Mild gastrointestinal signs, mild dermatitis

10. Charming Dieffenbachia (Spotted Dumb Cane / Dieffenbachia)
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth , tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing

11. Chrysanthemum
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea, hyper-salivation, in-coordination, dermatitis

12. Cornstalk Plant (Ribbon Plant, Corn Plant, Dracaena, Dragon Tree)
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hyper-salivation, dilated pupils (cats).
13. Cycads (Sago Palm, Fern Palm)
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting (may be bloody), dark stools, jaundice, increased thirst, bloody diarrhea, bruising, liver failure, death. 1-2 seeds can be fatal.
14. Daffodil
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part.
15. Dahlia
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Mild gastrointestinal signs, mild dermatitis
16. Eucalyptus
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weakness
17. Gardenia
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Mild vomiting and/or diarrhea, hives.
18. Geranium
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, anorexia, depression, dermatitis.

19. Gold Dust Dracaena
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: In cats, dilated pupils, abdominal pain, increased heart rate and drooling. In both cats and dogs: vomiting, depression, inappetence, drooling, in-coordination, and weakness.
20. Hydrangea
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea. Cyanide intoxication is rare – usually produces more of a gastrointestinal disturbance.
21. Jade Plant
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, depression
22. Lacy Tree Philodendron
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing.
23. Lemon
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photo-sensitivity
24. Lily
Toxic to: Cats
Non-Toxic: Dogs
Signs of Poisoning: kidney failure.




25. Lime
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression; potential photo-sensitivity

26. Mistletoe "American"
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular collapse, dyspnea, bradycardia, erratic behavior, (hallucinogenic in humans). Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure (rare).
27. Narcissus
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part.



28. Pencil Cactus
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Irritating to the mouth and stomach, sometimes causing vomiting, but generally over-rated in toxicity.

29. Peony
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, diarrhea, depression

30. Pigtail Plant (Flamingo)
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing
31. Poinsettia
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Irritating to the mouth and stomach, sometimes causing vomiting, but generally over-rated in toxicity


32. Primrose
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Mild vomiting
33. Privet / Wax-Leaf
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Gastrointestinal upset (most common), in-coordination, increased heart rate, death (rare).
34. Taro / Elephant Ears / Caladium
Toxic to: Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Oral irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.
35. Tomato Plant
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Hyper-salivation, inappetence, severe gastrointestinal upset, diarrhea, drowsiness, CNS depression, confusion, behavioral change, weakness, dilated pupils, slow heart rate.
36. Tulip
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, depression, diarrhea, hyper-salivation. Highest concentration of toxin in bulb.
37. Water Hyacinth
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting, anorexia.
38. Wisteria
Toxic to: Horses, Dogs, Cats
Signs of Poisoning: Vomiting (sometimes with blood), diarrhea, depression





For a comprehensive listing of toxic and non-toxic plants
(those that are safe for your pets) please follow this link.

2 comments:

  1. Most of them looks familiar! I'm sure I can find some of them in my mothers humble plant collection. Thank you for this post!

    ReplyDelete
  2. You are most welcome! Glad to be able to help anyone with pets! :)

    ReplyDelete

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